The period of mail and partial plate armor. At 3” across the spikes, it is significantly larger than the similar examples used in the Crusades. It is clearly made for fighting on the Continent, and capable of breaching the armor of the day. Illustrations in churches and on stone monuments show maces of this type used both on foot with long wood hafts and mounted, with shorter hafts. This example is in excellent preservation for the period, likely arsenal stored and not excavated.