5th-8th century. Classic bearded form, 7" high with shield section socket. Originally with a wood haft (remnants remaining) of about 30" length for two hand use. As with all two hand weapons, using the left hand for defense was forfeited and the weapon became both offense and defense which required a particularly vicious offense. The Franks occupied Western Europe successfully repelling Roman invasions through the reign of Charlemagne who was the first Holy Roman Emperor. This is a fine example of the fundamental weapon of the Franks in their golden years. A fine example of these rare weapons best known by their illustration in illuminated manuscripts.