Bilbo form hilt with large double shell guard, recurved cross guard and rounded knuckle bow. Slightly flattened olive form pommel. Wire wrapped grip. The 37 1/8" broad blade is inscribed with PUGNO PRO PATRIA each side with the Catholic cross and orb mark. The ricasso is struck with a maker's mark on one side. Dark patina with scattered light to medium pitting, a few areas a little heavier, strictly consistent with its age and use. Grip excellent. The Southern Netherlands were under Spanish Hapsburg rule. The motto Pugno, pro Patria is the motto of the Rotterdam Admiralty. It also is inscribed over the gate to the Berg in Leiden. Both are in South Holland and this weapon is a horseman's broadsword for use with armor against an armored opponent, made under Spanish rule in the Spanish taste.