33 ½” length with bronze head comprising a faceted neck supporting a mushroom form terminal with curved diamond section back spike. Hard wood shaft with evidence of old binding below the head and the butt end tapered for a base spike now lacking. That loss in evidently quite recent as the tip of the wood is not worn or blunted. These hammers were carried daily by nobles, and were used in disputes and to discipline serfs. So vicious were the wounds that they inflicted that they were banned from political and legal meetings. “At the entrance of Gniezno Cathedral there is a fixed notice warning people whosoever would enter this house of God with such a brigandish instrument he shall be excommunicated” (Opis obuczajow, A kitowicz, C.1780). The author further explains that as the wounds were concussive and did not bleed, their severity was not evident and the attacker not deterred. “if someone should hit somebody else with the nadziak’s (he uses the names interchangeably) sharp end behind the ear he would kill him instantly” (op. cit.), The form is a lighter variant of the heavy war hammers with the same name.