Napoleonic period, model AN IX, adopted in 1812, the year of the unsuccessful invasion of Russia. One piece bronze hilt with ribbed grip. The knuckle bow with ordnance mark and cross guard with issue number. 23 1/2” wedge section blade with remnants of cursive Napoleonic arsenal markings, polished off and surcharged with G M & Cie. The forte marked BERNGASTELL AINE & Cie. Both markings are surcharges by makers or retailers, applied after the sword was refurbished following capture upon Napoleon’s defeat. Many such swords were so captured and refurbished for use throughout Europe and thousands of the same pattern were produced post war making identification of Napoleonic examples difficult or impossible. In this instance, incomplete removal of the arsenal markings makes attribution possible.