Spanish or Italian. Iron hilt with thickened edge cup guard, Cross guard swelling to the tips and swelled medial knuckle bow secured with an integral ring below the pommel. Flattened over iron grip. 39” diamond section peened at the pommel. Uniform soft gray patina throughout. The blade with uniform light tool finish. It is believed that the duel originated in Italy. It is well known that fencing techniques and the evolution of the fencing or dueling sword which followed, originated with the Italian schools. Owing to the place of family rivalries in Italy, the duel continued into the 19th century to settle disputes and offenses involving honor.