Based on the 1860 Staff and Field Officer's pattern which served sergeants in the war, with identical pommel and wire wrapped simulated sharkskin grip. The crossguard of “ bow tie “ form distinguishing it from the federal pattern. 27 ¾” d.e. blade with fine glossy gray patina. The majority of Union troops at the outbreak of the war were state militia troops reflecting the still strong state independence of the period. Most carried weapons produced in the preceding two decades. NCO swords generally followed a pattern with helmet form pommels and bon grips. The incorporating of standard Union elements in this example are a tribute to the Union and date the sword to the Civil War time interval.