Before the Roman invasion of the British Isles, rings of bronze, silver, and gold were used as a means of exchange, particularly in Ireland. Most exchanges of goods and property were conducted by barter based on shrewd evaluations in each specific situation. Some, including bride prices, later to be called dowries, needed to be more accurately quantified. These rings fulfilled that need as well as providing a palpable demonstration of value. Nearly all were simple rings. However, a level of more valuable rings, probably used as a bride’s price and perhaps for other important transactions such as property exchange existed as well. These are formed as modified rings with floral or nub enhancement and small bells. This example is a flat ring with three nubs, 1” across the nubs. At the time prosperity translated directly to strength or power and wearing such a piece would distinguish the owner as a person of importance, not to be conflicted with. Professionally refurbished and silvered. On a modern sterling silver neck chain for everyday wear. Gift boxed with a certificate of authenticity.