Before the Roman invasion of the British Isles, rings of bronze, silver, and gold were used as a means of exchange, particularly in Ireland. Most exchanges of goods and property were conducted by barter based on shrewd evaluations in each specific situation. Some needed to be more accurately quantified and a system of bronze rings of various sizes evolved. These rings fulfilled that need as well as providing a palpable demonstration of value. They were worn, sewn to men’s leather jerkins as displays of prosperity. A refined subgroup of those rings enhanced with peripheral nubs of various forms evolved at the same time. The conspicuous difference between these and the plain counterparts suggests that they were for very specific purposes, probably the bride’s prices. As such, they would have had spiritual significance as well. This example about 7/8” (0.88”) in diameter. It has been professionally refurbished with the silver overlay restored and mounted on an 18” Sterling silver neck chain, for contemporary wear. Jewelry gift boxed with a certificate of authenticity.