1860 pattern. This example was imported from one of the German manufacturers but with no identifying (maker’s) marks, a feature generally interpreted as indicating made for Confederate use. Those makers supplied the US government, state militias and, the Confederacy. To avoid jeopardizing Union contracts such swords, which were run through the blockades and sometimes intercepted, were produced without maker identification. Hilt with a stamped 12. Typical condition for the period. The grip drying and the blade crisp with smooth gray patina. Scabbard with good clean surface, the lower half with several shallow dents.