World War I found the Ottoman Empire aka Turkish Empire, in array but reorganizing. Initial military victories include the Battle of Gallipoli which secured control of the Black Sea. Decline followed ultimately leading to the dissolution and partition under the Treaty of Sèvres. About 150,000 Turkish prisoners were taken by the English and interned in camps through the Middle East and England. In England, they were allowed to pursue crafts including traditional Turkish beadwork to occupy their time and sell to buy food and luxuries. In at least one camp on the Isle of Mann, they were allowed to visit the local pub to spend their earnings. Among the most popular items were beadwork snakes, considered to be good luck. This example is typical, 43” in length with 1919 in brackets on the white underbelly and in perfect preservation, undamaged and clean.