This well known example is illustrated, full page, in EUROPEAN WEAPONS, Wilkinson, 1970, page 45. It represents the rapier as it evolved in Spain while the smallsword replaced the form in northern Europe. The 33 1/2" blade is marked THOMAS ALAIA EN TOLEDO, adapted from an earlier rapier and shortened to conform to the then contemporary fighting technique. The hilt has large ring guards allowing the fingers to grip ahead of the cross guard and relies on double shell guards for protection. The result is of the traditional heavy rapier, lightened to provide agility for the thrust, with control maximized by shifting balance to the hilt.