Third quarter of the 17th century. Rolled and lightly roped edge cup of particularly deep form, pierced with diving long necked birds on a field of scrolling foliage. The inside of the cup with a marching base plate, gurda polvo. Fine fretted bar and wire wrap grip (a few wires displaced) and turban form pommel. 43” blade with narrow fuller at the forte. The ricasso struck with a maker’s mark, an S on a shield, probably a spurious allusion to the famed bladesmith Alonso de Sahagun. Copying the marks of famed smiths was common and probably more emblematic, than deceitful. The workmanship of hilt suggests a Spanish workshop working in the Italian taste and probably from a pattern book produced in Italy. A large sword which by its proportions alone, served as a warning, as none but a highly accomplished swordsman could use it effectively.