While this shield has much in common with its European forbears, it draws its details from the shield of its opponents, the Ottoman kalkan. It is 21 ¾” in diameter with a thick rolled and roped edge to repel a sword or axe cut. The center and border, each flanked by radially reeded conical rivets are embossed in a woven pattern simulating the coil construction of the kalkan. The field is embossed with a further four large and four smaller rondels, each with the woven pattern repeated and a central conical rivet. The backs of all the rivets have a shallow reveal, about 1/64” for a thin liner, probably doe skin, now lacking. All the detail is produced with hand work showing the slight variances expected. The only example we have ever offered.