Torricelli Mountains, Papua New Guinea. 38 1/2" high, carved from a single piece of wood. The face with curvilinear abstracted motifs in high relief. Pierced to secure the grip anchors, the holes plugged with pitch which has run on the face. Reverse with original hand grips, partially unwound and in need of stabilizing. The face with encrusted black surface nearly complete. The edges as well, complete as made. The Lumi, as with all New Guinea cultures were extremely territorial. Wars with neighboring groups were triggered by cultural transgressions, sometimes deliberate to set up tribute in settlement. This shield dates to the very early 20th century and is among, perhaps several dozen surviving, mostly in museums, from that period.