Gilt bronze. Over 3/4” height, with expanded beam terminals with concentric decoration. Central square enclosing a saltire. The beams of beaded form. The emergence from the Dark Ages is embodied in the rise to power of the Frankish King, Charlemagne in 768 (founder of the Holy Roman Empire after 800) followed by conquering southern Europe from France to Italy and much of Northern Europe. The condition for peace was acceptance of Christianity, under penalty of death. Conversion was effective and Northern Europeans, primarily Saxons, wore small crosses to affirm their Christianity. This is an original Northern European “profession of faith” cross 1000-1300 years old. Professionally refurbished with the gold overlay restored. Gift boxed with certificate of authenticity.