The emergence from the Dark Ages is embodied in the rise to power of the Frankish King, Charlemagne in 768 (founder of the Holy Roman Empire after 800) followed by conquering southern Europe from France to Italy and much of Northern Europe. The condition for peace was acceptance of Christianity, under penalty of death. Conversion was effective and Northern Europeans, primarily Saxons, wore small cross to affirm their Christianity. This example is 1” height with cross beam above center and a block at the junction with saltire each side. Surface textured from burial. Professionally refurbished with 24karat gold overlay restored. On a gilt Sterling silver neck chain, gift boxed with certificate of authenticity.