Silvered bronze. Over 1” height. Centered cross beam. Each beam of swelled or baluster form with small nub terminal. The center with a circular disk. The four swelled beams along with the cross junction, represent the five wounds of Christ. The emergence from the Dark Ages is embodied in the rise to power of the Frankish King, Charlemagne in 768 (founder of the Holy Roman Empire after 800) followed by conquering southern Europe from France to Italy and much of Northern Europe. The condition for peace was the acceptance of Christianity, under penalty of death. The conversion was effective and Northern Europeans, primarily Saxons, wore small crosses to affirm their Christianity. This is an original Northern European “profession of faith” cross 1000-1300 years old. Professionally refurbished with the silver overlay restore on a modern sterling silver neck chain. Gift boxed with a certificate of authenticity.