Heavy iron hilt. Large bowl guard with blade catcher perforations. Wire wrapped ray skin cover grip in the military fashion. 34” curved broad fullered blade with acute point. While illegal, dueling was practiced into the late 19th century by Italian aristocracy, strongly influenced by the vendetta tradition which demanded a life for a life and retribution for an offence. This heavy example is made to provide a foil with its perforated guard which also pushes back the center of percussion as did the large pommels two centuries earlier. The result is better response of the point which, of course determines the outcome of the duel. Rare survivor of the Italian aristocracy where wealth and power were defended to the death, on the field of honor, or dishonorably, as the situation demanded.