The Frankish King, Charlemagne in 768 (founder of the Holy Roman Empire after 800) conquered southern Europe from France to Italy and much of Northern Europe. The condition for peace was the acceptance of Christianity, under penalty of death. The conversion was effective and Northern Europeans, primarily Saxons, wore small crosses to affirm their Christianity. This is an original Northern European “profession of faith” cross about 1200 years old. Over 1” height with beautifully modeled cross within a cross. Each beam with flared terminals below a sphere with projection, a representation of the cross and orb, symbolizing Christ’s rule over the World. Exceptional quality and motif. The best we have offered. Professionally refurbished with the overlay restored on a modern sterling silver chain. Gift box with a certification of authenticity.