1200-1350 AD. Finely forged iron head with trapezoidal shaped eye in flared socket. The bit with distinct forged on hardened edge. The edge of shallow curve with elegant curled tip. 46 1/2" total length on wood haft. The head and haft both flattened on the left side. The head with some isolated pitting spots, but not excavated and retaining near all original surface with stable patina. The haft of great age, though undetermined. Blackened finish with considerable graining, superficial blemishes, old gold paint drip, and evidence of having been wall mounted for display. Axes of this type were carried by foot troops. Contemporary paintings and tapestries contain numerous images of their use against foot and mounted troops. Rarely encountered intact, evidently as the result of display in a castle or manor house.