Gilt bronze. Slightly under 1” height (0.96”). The cross beam slightly above center and each beam with high raised edges. The junction with a raised edge square enclosing a saltire. The beam terminals each of three spheres, a form later in the Crusades, identified as the Jerusalem cross. The emergence from the Dark Ages is embodied in the rise to power of the Frankish King, Charlemagne in 768 (founder of the Holy Roman Empire after 800) followed by conquering southern Europe from France to Italy and much of Northern Europe. Charlemangne’s 782 Capitulatio de partibus Saxoniae prescribed laws for Saxons which included being baptized. Failure to do so was punishable by death. “If any one of the race of the Saxons hereafter concealed among them shall have wished to hide himself unbaptized, and shall have scorned to come to baptism and shall have wished to remain a pagan, let him be punished by death”. The condition for peace was the acceptance of Christianity, under penalty of death. The conversion was effective and Northern Europeans, primarily Saxons, wore small crosses to affirm their Christianity. This is an original Northern European “profession of faith” cross 1000-1300 years old. Professionally refurbished with the 24karat gold overlay restored on an 18” modern gilt Sterling silver neck chain. Jewelry gift boxed with a certificate of authenticity.