Unmarked but surely produced by Ames as the tooling specifically compares to production examples made for Civil War use and all dated 1862. This example with fluted brass guard as adopted for the officer’s pattern but unpierced. The pommel is plain, without the floral scroll as adopted. The grip and scabbard conforming to the adopted pattern. The distinctive features are the guard, absolutely identical to officer’s swords but not pierced with the universal U S N. The key is the tooling: The guard accords in detail and dimensions with the production examples, indicating that the dies had been produced at the time when this sample was submitted. The other distinguishing feature is that the blade is unmarked, indicating that it was a prototype. In our collection for 40 years, it has been shown to those who need to see it with no constructive result. Clearly made by Ames, it represents the step before approval for production of the 1862 cutlass, possibly contending for approval as either the enlisted man’s or officer’s pattern. That all Ames cutlass’ are dated 1862 and the Civil War broke out in April 1861 after 7 states declared their succession in February 1861 indicates that an immediate call for securing the coasts, the source of supply for the South, was made. The 1841 cutlass was Old School based on the Napoleonic/post-Napoleonic model of heavy blade suitable for whacking as a last resort. The 1860 cutlass was a cut (marginally) and thrust weapon and notably the only swords, other than cavalry, which were primary weapons. The dependence by the South on imports by sea foretold the need for extensive naval action to choke off the supply necessitating maximizing naval resources including adopting an improved cutlass.