First Intermediate Period, C. 2200-2050 BC. which is described as a kind of dark ages, following the glory of the Old Kingdom, the period of the pyramids. Art and culture declined and civil wars between regional rulers perpetuated the unrest. This stone mace, (haft professionally restored) is characteristic if not emblematic of the period. It is among those buried with their owners, other examples of which are included in many public collections. Length, 15 1/2".