1096-1291. Circular, pierced with a cross potent, i.e. with "crutches" at the beam ends. That form is also known as the Crusader's cross, having been an element in the arms of Godfrey Bouillon which he wore during the First Crusade. Godfrey of Bouillon was a Frankish Knight of the First Crusade, known as Baron of the Holy Sepulcher and the Crusader King, ruler of the Kingdom of Jerusalem following its victorious siege in the First Crusade. For that reason, it is also known as the Jerusalem Cross. On this example, the crutches are additionally crossed, making it 13 crosses in one! The outer edge is roped or crenulated. The front is detailed in relief and the back is plain/flat. It is just over 1" diameter (1.03”) plus the intact suspension loop. Professionally refurbished with the pure 24karat gold overlay restored, on a modern 18” gilt Sterling silver neck chain, jewelry gift boxed with certificate of authenticity. An actual pendant is worn by a crusader nearly 1000 years ago!