19th century, made of 18th and 19th century elements, perhaps for the 1848 Revolutions. Found in Italy and probably served there, where the revolutions began. That conclusion is reinforced by the cup hilted form which carried on in Spain and Italy when it had been abandoned in northern Europe. 34 1/2" triangular section blade, the grip, pommel and quillon block from an earlier iron hilt small sword. The 4" diameter cup guard hand forged. Good uniform dark character throughout. A rare survivor of a weapon group which in its broadest definition would have numbered in the millions originally. Strictly functional, their lack of decorative value reduced their survival rate to negligible. This example probably was preserved with its family history until WWII , then recovered and brought back by a G.I.