Before the Roman invasion of the British Isles, rings of bronze, silver, and gold were used as a means of exchange, particularly in Ireland. Most exchanges of goods and property were conducted by barter based on shrewd evaluations in each specific situation. Some, need to be more accurately quantified and a system of bronze rings of various sizes evolved. These rings fulfilled that need as well as providing a palpable demonstration of value. They were worn, sewn to men’s leather jerkins as displays of prosperity. A refined subgroup of those rings intricately adorned in floral motifs evolved at the same time. The conspicuous difference between these and the plain counterparts suggests that they were for very specific purposes, probably the bride’s prices. As such, they would have had spiritual significance as well. They accord in form, but vary in detail, having been hand engraved. This example is over 7/8” diameter with charming double mirrored images of floral form with zoological details, probably double fertility references. It has been professionally refurbished with the 24karat gold overlay restored and mounted on a polished leather neck cord, shown separately, for contemporary wear. Gift boxed with a certificate of authenticity.