11th-13th century AD. Early Crusades period. Terra cotta, 5” length, turnip form, black polished with two pairs of annular rings. Raised conical filler/wick hole, chipped as used. Thrown by hand as well as launched from catapults by Saracen defenders against the Crusaders. While the composition of the incendiary fuel has never been discovered, the devastation caused by these early bombs is well documented in literature and art.