Retailed by G. C. Simmons Boston and so marked on the blade base. Brass hilt based on the 1860 Staff & Field Officer’s sword, originally gilt with considerable gold remaining, mostly, to the underside of the guard. Scalloped shell guard with deep relief motif of the four services and crossed cannons to the knuckle guard. Leather covered grip with single thick wire in the Confederate style. Unplated scabbard. 30” blade in excellent preservation and well decorated over half its length with foliage, military and patriotic motifs, portrait and SV. The cultural impact of the Civil War is hard to appreciate today. Secret societies with various goals were founded to empower their members through the strength of numbers. The common element in this one was descent from a Civil War veteran.