This fine broadsword is from a well-known group used in the Spanish Colonies. They are discussed in Spanish Military Weapons in Colonial America, 1700-1821 and illustrated pl.150, & 151 and pl.159 & 160. They are identified as “common in the 1770s but may have been in use earlier.” They were used in Spanish Colonial America from the Caribbean to California including Florida, Mississippi and Louisiana (“French Louisianans” ceded to the Spanish by the Treaty of Paris in 1763) and the current American Southwest as well as Mexico. This example is distinguished by its superior quality and fine 35 1/4” double edged blade which is embellished with military arms, the Eye of Providence, foliage and the Arms of Spain, which appear to be the pre-1762 version. A rare museum-worthy example.