This large rapier was produced for private purchase and could have served a military officer or civilian equally well. The deep iron cup protected the hand which was positioned with two fingers ahead of the cross guard. The large pommel balanced the blade which bears the motto AUDACES FORTUNA JUVA TIMIDOSQUE REPELLIT (Fortune favors the bold and repels the coward). The proportions suggest use on horseback and any man whose business took him on the highway risked a mounted attack by highwaymen. Swords such as this served in the Spanish colonies including the Southwest United States. 42" length blade.