This rapier is from a group produced in Dresden in the late 16th century. The heart of the group is the swords produced by Anton Schuch for the trabanteniebgarde (personal body guard) of Christian II, Elector of Saxony and Grand Marshall of the Holy Roman Empire. The hilt incorporate the distinctive double kidney shaped ring guards. The 37 1/2” blade has fullers at the forte each side, struck with repeated C O S, likely an abbreviated Latin phrase invoking divine interdiction supporting its owner. Saxony was fragmented following the Reformation with both Catholic and Lutheran regions. The religious divide led to the Thirty Years War a decade later which laid waste to thousands of villages in Saxony and ultimately spread throughout Europe, resulting in significant reductions in the population of Germany and Italy.