Male, 7 1/4" height with serene countenance and hands drawn to the distended abdomen. The head with large ring edged fetish cavity containing fetish material at the bottom. Spread base with an additional cavity with scotched surfaces. Fine dark glossy honey patina with spotty surface encrustation from ritual material application. The Luba, protected by their terrain, were largely uninvolved in the slave trade until the mid-19th century, when diminished ivory stocks resulted in penetration into Luba territory and the decimation of the population for the slave trade. This figure was used in the practice of Luba traditional religion which survived as a result of their isolation, while much of Africa embraces Islam.